The Eurachem reading list

4. Qualitative analysis


  • ISO/TR 79:2015, Reference materials – Examples of reference materials for qualitative properties (
  • ISO 33406:2024, Guidance for the production of reference materials with qualitative properties (under publication,


  • R. Bettencourt da Silva and S. L. R. Ellison (Eds.). Eurachem/CITAC Guide: Assessment of performance and uncertainty in qualitative chemical analysis. (2021). ISBN 978-0-948926-39-6 (
  • G. Nordin, R. Dybkaer, U. Forsum, X. Fuentes-Arderiu and F. Pontet, Vocabulary on nominal property, examination, and related concepts for clinical laboratory sciences (IFCC-IUPAC Recommendations 2017), Pure Appl. Chem., 2018, 90(5), 913-935,


  • P. Pereira, Quality control of qualitative tests for medical laboratories, 2019, Lisbon: Author-edition, ISBN 978-989-20-9857-9

Articles and reports

  • V. Morgado, C. Palma and R. J. N. Bettencourt da Silva, Microplastics identification by Infrared spectroscopy – Evaluation of identification criteria and uncertainty by the Bootstrap method, Talanta, 2021, 224, 121814,
  • J. Narciso, C. Luz and R. B. d. Silva, Assessment of the Quality of Doping Substances Identification in Urine by GC/MS/MS, Anal. Chem., 2019, 91, 6638-6644
  • P. Pereira, B. Magnusson, E. Theodorsson, J. O. Westgard and P. Encarnação, Measurement uncertainty as a tool for evaluating the ‘grey zone’ to reduce the false negatives in immunochemical screening of blood donors for infectious diseases, Accred. Qual. Assur., 2016, 21, 25-32,
  • R. B. Silva, Evaluation of trace analyte identification in complex matrices by low-resolution gas chromatography - mass spectrometry through signal simulation, Talanta, 2016, 150, 553-567,
  • S. L. R. Ellison, C. A. English, M. J. Burns and J. T. Keer, Routes to improving the reliability of low level DNA analysis using real-time PCR, BMC Biotechnology, 2006, 6, 1-11,
  • S. L. R. Ellison and T. Fearn, Characterising the performance of qualitative analytical methods: Statistics and terminology, Trends Anal. Chem., 2005, 24, 468-476,
  • A. Ríos, D. Barceló, L. Buydens, S. Cárdenas, K. Heydorn, B. Karlberg, K. Klemm, B. Lendl, B. Milman, B. Neidhart, R. W. Stephany, A. Townshend, A. Zschunke and M. Valcárcel, Quality assurance of qualitative analysis in the framework of the European project ‘MEQUALAN’, Accred. Qual. Assur., 2003, 8, 68-77,
  • R. Bramley, A. Brown, S. Ellison, W. Hardcastle and A. Martin, Qualitative analysis: A guide to best practice - forensic science extension, Sci. Justice, 2000, 40(3), 163-170,
  • S. L. R. Ellison, Uncertainties in qualitative testing and analysis, Accred. Qual. Assur., 2000, 5, 346-348,
  • S. L. R. Ellison and S. Gregory, Quantifying uncertainty in qualitative analysis, Analyst, 1998, 123, 1155-1161,
  • S. L. R. Ellison and S. L. Gregory, Predicting chance infrared spectroscopic matching frequencies, Anal. Chim. Acta, 1998, 370, 181-190,

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